Catholics over the world, share same faith and thus believe in only one true and apostolic church.
It’s pertinent to share this piece as to further make lucid the faith of the Holy church.
It’s not exclusive to only Catholics but to every Christian who wishes to know the basics of our Christian faith.
Kindly read below and share after reading…
1) LEVELS OF CARDINALS:
a. Cardinal deacon
b. Cardinal priest
c. Cardinal bishop
2) CATEGORIES OF CHURCHES:
b. Out Station
d. Cathedral (Vicariate-diocese-archdiocese)
3) CATEGORIES OF PRIESTS:
a. Diocesan priest
b. Societan priest (e.g: MSP, SPS, SMA etc)
c. Religious priest (Augustinians, Benedictines, Franciscans, Dominicans, Jesuits, Spiritans etc)
4) HIERACHY OF THE CHURCH
a. Lay Faithfuls
e. Pope (The Vicar of Christ Jesus on Earth)
5) MINISTERS OF THE CHURCH:
6) CATEGORIES OF BISHOPS:
a. Auxiliary Bishop
b. Co-adjustor Bishop
7) Categories of Religious:
a. Monks (men)-Nuns (women)
8) THEOLOGICAL VIRTUES:
9) TYPES OF PRAYER:
a. Liturgical prayers: Holy Mass, Divine Office etc.
b. Non-liturgical prayers: Holy Rosary, Prayers to Saints and Angels, private prayers etc.
10) MODES OF PRAYERS:
d. bowing (it could be simple or deep)
e. genuflecting (it could be single or double)
11) SINS AGAINST THE HOLY GHOST:
c. Resisting the known truth
d. Envy of another’s spiritual good
e. Obstinacy in sin
f. Final impenitence
12) SINS THAT CRY OUT TO HEAVEN:
a. Willful murder
b. The sin of Sodomy
c. Oppression of the poor
d. Defrauding laborers of their wages
13) CONDITIONS FOR MORTAL SIN:
a. Grave matter
b. Full knowledge
c. Deliberate consent
14) WAYS WE CAN PARTICIPATE IN OTHER PEOPLE’S SINS:
a. By counsel
b. By command
c. By consent
d. By provocation
e. By praise or flattery
f. By concealment
g. By partaking
h. By silence
i. By defense of the ill done
15) THE TEN COMMANDMENTS:
a. Thou shall not have other gods besides Me
b. Thou shall not say the Name of the Lord thy God in vain
c. Remember to keep holy the Lord ’s Day
d. Honor thy father and thy mother
e. Thou shall not murder
f. Thou salt not commit adultery (all forms of sexual immoralities are included: masturbation, homosexuality, incest, bestiality, rape, lust etc).
g. Thou shall not steal
h. Thou shall not bear false witness against thy neighbor
i. Thou shall not covet thy neighbor’s wife
j. Thou shall not covet thy neighbor’s goods
16) THE GREATEST COMMANDMENTS:
a. To love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, soul, mind and strength.
b. To love thy neighbor as thyself.
17) THE EVANGELICAL COUNSELS:
a. Voluntary poverty
b. Perpetual chastity
c. Entire obedience.
18) THE PRECEPTS OF THE CHURCH/ DUTIES OF A CATHOLIC:
a. To go to Holy Mass and refrain from servile work on Sundays and holy days
b. To go to Confession at least once a year (traditionally done during Lent)
c. To receive the Eucharist at least once a year, during the Easter Season (known as the “Easter duty”)
d. To observe the days of fasting and abstinence
e. To help to provide for the needs of the Church according to one’s abilities and station in life
f. To obey the marriage laws of the Church
19) THE POWERS OF THE SOUL:
20) THE PILLARS OF THE CATHOLIC FAITH:
a. The Apostles Creed
b. The Seven Sacraments
c. The Ten Commandments
d. The Lord’s Prayer
e. The Holy Mass
f. The Holy Rosary
g. The intercession of God’s Angels and Saints
21) PILLARS OF THE CHURCH’S AUTHORITY:
a. Sacred Scripture
b. Sacred Tradition
c. Living Magisterium
22). The Munera (Duties of the Ordained):
a. Munus docendi (duty to teach, based on Christ’s role as Prophet)
b. Munus sanctificandi (duty to sanctify, based on Chris’s role as Priest)
c. Munus regendi (duty to shepherd, based on Christ’s role as King)
23) THE LEVELS OF THE CHURCH:
a. The Church Militant (Christians on Earth)
b. The Church Suffering (Christians in Purgatory)
c. The Church Triumphant (Christians in Heaven)
24) THE MARKS OF THE CHURCH:
25) THE 12 TRIBES OF ISRAEL IN ORDER OF THEIR BIRTH:
k. Joseph (Menasseh and Ephraim)
26) THE BEATITUDES:
a. Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.
b. Blessed are the meek: for they shall posses the land.
c. Blessed are they who mourn: for they shall be comforted.
d. Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall have their fill.
e. Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
e. Blessed are the clean of heart: for they shall see God.
g. Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called children of God.
h. Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice’ sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.
27) THE STATIONS OF THE CROSS:
a. Jesus is Condemned to Die
b. Jesus is Made to Bear His Cross
c. Jesus Falls the First Time
d. Jesus Meets His Mother
e. Simon Helps Jesus Carry His Cross
f. Veronica Wipes Jesus’ Face
g. Jesus Falls the Second Time
h. Jesus Meets the Women of Jerusalem
i. Jesus Falls the Third Time
j. Jesus is Stripped
k. Jesus is Nailed to the Cross
l. Jesus Dies on the Cross
m. Jesus is Taken Down from the Cross
n. Jesus is Laid in the Tomb
28) THE 20 MYSTERIES OF THE HOLY ROSARY:
JOYFUL (Mondays and Saturdays):
e. Finding Jesus in the Temple
a. Baptism of Jesus.
b. Manifestation of Jesus at the wedding feast of Cana.
c. Proclamation of the kingdom of God.
d. The Transfiguration.
e. The institution of the Holy Eucharist
SORROWFUL (Tuesdays and Fridays):
a. Agony in the Garden
b. The Scourging
c. Crowning with thorns
d. Carrying of the Cross
GLORIOUS (Wednesdays and Sundays):
NB: Throughout the Lenten season, the Sorrowful Mysteries is to be prayed only.
29) CHOIRS OF ANGELS IN ASCENDING ORDER:
30) LEVELS OF REVERENCE:
a. Dulia: the reverence we give to Saints
b. Hyperdulia: the reverence we give to Mary as the greatest of Saints and Mother of God
c. Latria: the reverence and worship we give to God alone
31) THE 14 HOLY HELPERS:
1. St. George, Martyr, April 23
2. St. Blaise, Bishop and Martyr, February 3
3. St. Pantaleon, Martyr, July 27
4. St. Vitus, Martyr, June 15
5. St. Erasmus (Elmo), Bishop and Martyr, June 2
6. St. Christopher, Martyr, July 25
7. St. Giles, Abbot, September 1
8. St. Cyriacus (Cyriac), Martyr, August 8
9. St. Achatius, Martyr, May 8
10. St. Dionysius (Denis), Bishop and Martyr, October 9
11. St. Eustachius (Eustace), Martyr, September 20
12. St. Catherine of Alexandria, Virgin and Martyr, November 25
13. St. Margaret of Antioch, Virgin and Martyr, July 20
14. St. Barbara, Virgin and Martyr, December 4
32) THE 7 LAST WORDS OF CHRIST:
a. Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. (Luke 23:34)
b. Amen I say to thee: This day thou shalt be with me in paradise. (Luke 23:43)
c. Woman, behold thy son. . . .Behold thy mother. (John 19:26-27)
d. Eli, Eli, lamma sabacthani? (My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken me?) (Matthew 27:46, ref. Psalm 21)
e. I thirst. (John 19:28)
f. It is consummated.(John 19:30)
g. Father, into Thy hands I commend my spirit. (Luke 23:46, ref. Psalm 30:6)
33) THE 4 LAST THINGS (THE NOVISSIMA):
34) THE CORPORAL WORKS OF MERCY:
a. To feed the hungry
b. To give drink to the thirsty
c. To clothe the naked
d. To shelter the homeless
e. To visit the sick
f. To visit the imprisoned
g. To bury the dead
35) THE SPIRITUAL WORKS OF MERCY:
a. To counsel the doubtful
b. To instruct the ignorant
c. To admonish sinners
d. To comfort the sorrowful
e. To forgive all injuries/offenses
f. To bear wrongs patiently
g. To pray for the living and the dead
36) CLASSES OF GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT KNOWN AS CHARISMATA:
c. Grace of healing
37) THE SACRAMENTS:
c. Holy Eucharist
d. Penance (Confession/Reconciliation)
e. Holy Matrimony
f. Holy Order
g. Anointing of the Sick
40) THE GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT:
g. Fear of the Lord
41) THE THREE EMINENT GOOD WORKS:
42) FRUITS OF THE HOLY GHOST:
43) CARDINAL VIRTUES:
44) LITURGICAL SEASONS:
c. Ordinary Time
45) THE APOSTLES OF JESUS AND HOW THEY DIED:
a. Matthew: Killed by a sword in Ethiopia.
b. Mark: He was dragged by horses in Alexandria-Egypt through the streets until he was dead.
c. Luke: Was hanged in Greece.
d. John: Though he was boiled in huge basin of boiling oil in Rome; yet he miraculously did not die has the result but late become the only Apostle to die naturally.
e. Peter: was crucified upside down on an x-shaped cross. According to the Church Tradition, it was because he told his tormentors that he felt unworthy to die in the same way that Jesus Christ had died.
f. James: He was beaten to death with a fuller’s club.
g. James the Son of Zebedee: He was beheaded at Jerusalem.
h. Bartholomew: Known as Nathaniel also, was martyred in Armenia where he was flayed to death by a whip.
i. Andrew: He was crucified on an x-shaped cross in Patras-Greece. After being whipped severely by seven soldiers they tied his body to the cross with cords to prolong his agony. His followers reported that, when he was led toward the cross, Andrew saluted it in these words: ‘I have long desired and expected this happy hour. The cross has been consecrated by the body of Christ hanging on it.’
j. Thomas: He was stabbed with a spear.
k. Jude: was killed with arrows.
l. Matthias: The apostle chosen to replace Judas Iscariot was stoned and then beheaded.
m. Paul: He was tortured and then beheaded by Emperor Nero at Rome in A.D 67.
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Ibrahim Ujulu Medugu writes